GPS Ground Course

GPS Ground Course

Navigate safely and accurately using GPS!

This course meets the training requirements allowing pilots to use GPS (Global Position System) for Night VFR and IFR navigation.

There are no mandatory qualifications required to use GPS by day under the VFR (Visual Flight Rules) however VFR pilots are encouraged to undertake this course to safely and accurately use GPS as an aid to visual navigation.

Course Overview

At the completion of the course you will have the required knowledge and have demonstrated operation of various GPS receiver units to qualify for the issue of a GPS approval for enroute navigation when flying NVFR/IFR.

System Components and Principles of Operation

Demonstrate an understanding of the GPS system and its principles of operation:

  • GPS system components, space, control and user
  • Aircraft equipment requirements
  • GPS satellite signal and pseudo random code
  • Principle of position fixing
  • Geocentric altitude
  • Method of minimizing receiver clock error
  • Minimum satellites required for navigation functions
  • Masking function
  • Performance limitations of various equipment types
  • GNSS use of the WGS84 coordinate system
Navigation System Performance Requirements

Define the following terms in relation to a navigational system and recall to what extent the GPS system meets the associated requirements:

  • Accuracy
  • Integrity:
    • Means of providing GNSS integrity
    • RAIM, procedural, systems integration
  • Availability
  • Continuity
Authorisation and Documentation
  • Recall the requirements applicable to pilots and equipment for operations using GNSS.
  • Pilot training requirements
  • Logbook certification
  • Ratings and Endorsements
  • Aircraft equipment requirements
  • GNSS NOTAMs
Errors and Limitations

Recall the cause and magnitude of typical errors:

  • Ephemeris
  • Clock
  • Receiver
  • Atmospheric / Ionospheric
  • Multipath
  • SA
  • Typical Total error
  • Effect of PDOP/GDOP on position accuracy
  • Susceptibility to interference
  • Comparison of vertical and horizontal errors
  • Tracking accuracy and collision avoidance
Human Factors and GNSS

Be aware of the human factors limitations associated with the use of GNSS equipment. Apply GNSS operating procedures which provide safeguards against navigational errors and loss of situational awareness because of the following:

  • Mode errors
  • Data entry errors
  • Data validation and checking including independent cross checking
  • procedures
  • Automation induced complacency
  • Non-standardisation of the human-machine interface
  • Human information processing and situational awareness
Equipment-specific Navigation Procedures

Recall and apply knowledge of appropriate operating procedures to typical navigational tasks using
a specific type of GNSS aircraft equipment, including:

  • Select appropriate operational modes
  • Recall categories of information contained in the navigational database
  • Predict RAIM availability
  • Enter and check user defined waypoints
  • Enter/retrieve and check flight plan data
  • Interpret typical GNSS navigational displays Lat/Long, distance and bearing to
  • waypoint, CDI, HSI, ND
  • Intercept and maintain GNSS defined tracks
  • Determine TMG, GS, ETA, time and distance to WPT, WV in flight
  • Indications of waypoint passage
  • Use of direct to function
  • Use of nearest airport function
GNSS Equipment Checks

For the specific type of aircraft equipment, carry out the following GNSS operational and serviceability checks at appropriate times:

  • TSO Status
  • Satellites acquired
  • RAIM status
  • DOP status
  • Database currency
  • Receiver serviceability
  • CDI sensitivity
  • Position indication
GNSS Warnings and Messages

For the specific type of aircraft GNSS equipment recognize and take appropriate action for warnings and messages, including the following:

  • Loss of RAIM
  • 2D navigation
  • In Dead Reckoning mode
  • Database out of date
  • Database missing
  • GPS fail
  • Barometric input fail
  • Power /battery fail
  • Parallel offset on
  • Satellite fail
Night VFR Operational Requirements

Know the operational requirements that apply to planning a flight on the basis of GPS RNAV capability and, in a given operational situation, correctly state the requirements for:

  • Provision of alternate aerodromes
  • Determination of lowest safe altitude
  • Mandatory carriage of navigation systems

Additional training requirements for issue of the approval in IFR/NVFR operations will be covered during the issue of your rating. If you wish to add the approval to an existing rating demonstration in flight or on a GPS simulator will be required.

GPS Ground Course Cost

Pricing current at 1st May 2018. This course is typically scheduled to run with class sizes of up to 12 students, however by arrangement we can run the course on a one-to-one basis when required.

GPS Ground Course
Ground Training ———–>> Price: $320
  • 4.0 Hour Ground Training
  • Trainee Notes
  • Practical Use of GPS Receivers (G430/G530/G1000/KLN89/KLN94)
  • Logbook Endorsement
  • GPS Simulator for Windows
  • Refreshments
Total: —–>> $320
  • Price is exclusive of GST.
  • Price based on a course run with multiple participants.